Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions for Hyperthermia

Definition

Hyperthermia is the general name given to a variety of heat-related illnesses.

Description

Warm weather and outdoor activity go hand in hand. However, it is important for older people to take action to avoid the severe health problems often caused by hot weather.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based on the medical history (including symptoms) and physical exam.

Treatment

If the victim is exhibiting signs of heat stroke, emergency assistance should be sought immediately. Without medical attention, heat stroke can be deadly.

Heat exhaustion may be treated in several ways:

get the victim out of the sun into a cool place, preferably one that is air conditioned

offer fluids but avoid alcohol and caffeine - water and fruit juices are best

encourage the individual to shower and bathe, or sponge off with cool water

urge the person to lie down and rest, preferably in a cool place

Prevention

Prevention hyperthermia is relatively straightforward: Use common sense in avoiding excessive activity in situations in which heat is present. Adequate intake of fluids before, during and after exercise in any situation also is essential.


Nursing Care Plan for Hyperthermia

Goal:
Addressing the problem of increased body temperature to prevent the lack of fluids or other complications due to Hipertermi.

Outcomes:
Temperature 36 to 37.5 C, Complaints fever is gone, chills missing, elastic skin turgor, vital signs within normal range (blood pressure, pulse, CVP and JVP)

Nursing Diagnosis for Hypertermia
  • Deficient Fluid Volume
  • Altered Body Temperature
  • Hyperthermia related to increased metabolism, medication, anesthesia
  • Hyperthermia related to dehydration
Nursing Interventions for Hyperthermia
  • Monitor body temperature
  • Monitor blood pressure, respiratory rate and pulse
  • Monitor intake and output every 8 hours
  • Encourage a lot of drinking in the absence of contraindications
  • Maintain adequate ventilation in the room
  • Give a warm compress
  • Use clothes that are thin and absorbs perspiration
  • Encourage clients to total bedrest
  • Monitor client hydration status

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