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Nursing Interventions for Hypertension

Saturday, May 14, 2011

Nursing Interventions for Hypertension


Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure.

Blood pressure is a measurement of the force against the walls of your arteries as the heart pumps blood through the body.

Blood pressure readings are measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and usually given as two numbers -- for example, 120 over 80 (written as 120/80 mmHg). One or both of these numbers can be too high.

The top number is your systolic pressure.
  • It is considered high if it is over 140 most of the time.
  • It is considered normal if it is below 120 most of the time.

The bottom number is your diastolic pressure.

  • It is considered high if it is over 90 most of the time.
  • It is considered normal if it is below 80 most of the time.
nlm.nih.gov


Nursing Diagnosis for Hypertension

Decreased Cardiac Output related to increased afterload, vasoconstriction, myocardial ischemia, ventricular hypertrophy

Nursing Intervention for Hypertension
  • Monitor blood pressure
  • Note the central and peripheral pulse quality
  • Auscultation of heart and breath sounds
  • Observe skin color, moisture, temperature and capillary filling time
  • Observe the general edema
  • Provide quiet environment, comfortable
  • Suggest to reduce activity.
  • Maintain restrictions on activities such as recess ditemapt bed / chair
  • Help perform self-care activities as needed
  • Perform actions such as a comfortable back and neck massage
  • Encourage relaxation techniques
  • Give fluid restriction and sodium diet as indicated.

Nursing Diagnosis for Hypertension

Risk for Ineffective Tissue perfusion: Peripheral, Renal, Gastrointestinal, Cardiopulmonary related to impaired circulation

Nursing Intervention for Hypertension

  • Maintain bed rest, elevate head of bed
  • Assess blood pressure at admission in both arms, sleeping, sitting with arterial pressure monitoring if available
  • Maintain fluid and drugs.
  • Observe the sudden hypotension.
  • Measure inputs and expenditures
  • Monitor electrolytes, BUN, creatinine.
  • Ambulation according to ability; avoid fatigue

 
 
 

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