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Nursing Intervention for Hepatitis

Nursing Intervention for Hepatitis

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, most commonly caused by a viral infection. There are five main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E.

Hepatitis A and E are typically caused by ingestion of contaminated food or water. Hepatitis B, C and D usually occur as a result of parenteral contact with infected body fluids (e.g. from blood transfusions or invasive medical procedures using contaminated equipment). Hepatitis B is also transmitted by sexual contact.

The symptoms of hepatitis include jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), dark urine, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
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Nursing Diagnosis for Hepatitis

Activity Intolerance related to fatigue and generalized malaise.


Expected outcome :

Exhibits increased ability to carry out desired activities and allow sufficient periods for rest and relaxation.


Nursing Intervention for Hepatitis
  • Encourage the patient to limit activity when fatigue
  • Assist the patient in planning periods of rest and activity when symptoms begin to subside.
  • Encourage gradual resumption of activities and mild excercise during recovery.

Abdominal pain related to tender, enlarged liver.

Expected outcome :

Report a decrease or absence of abdominal pain and tenderness;restrict activities if pain occurs;participates in planned activities when free of pain; take prescribed analgesic if necessary.


Nursing Intervention for Hepatitis
  • Asses and record presence or absence of abdominal pain or tenderness, hepatomegally and splenomegally.
  • Encourage the patient to maintain bedrest or restrict activities if abdominal pain or tenderness is present.
  • Administer analgesic as prescribed.
  • Notify the physian of sudden occuraence or increase in pain or tenderness.