Nursing Interventions for Pneumonia
- Monitor vital signs.
R/: Changes in heart rate or blood pressure (BP) may indicate that client is experiencing pain, especially when other reasons for changes in vital signs have been ruled out.
- Determine pain characteristics, such as sharp, constant, and stabbing. Investigate changes in character, location, and intensity of pain.
R/: Chest pain, usually present to some degree with pneumonia, may also herald the onset of complications of pneumonia, such as pericarditis and endocarditis.
- Instruct and assist client in chest-splinting techniques during coughing episodes.
R/: Aids in control of chest discomfort while enhancing effectiveness of cough effort.
- Provide comfort measures, such as back rubs, change of position, and quiet music or conversation. Encourage use of relaxation and breathing exercises.
R/: Nonanalgesic measures administered with a gentle touch can lessen discomfort and augment therapeutic effects of analgesics. Client involvement in pain control measures promotes independence and enhances sense of well-being.
- Offer frequent oral hygiene.
R/: Mouth breathing and oxygen therapy can irritate and dry out mucous membranes, potentiating general discomfort.